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Fears And Phobias

Fear is a strong emotional response to danger, real or imagined. A phobia the Greek word for fear is a persistent, irrational fear that is out of all proportion to its cause. People with phobias recognize that their fears are excessive and constraining, but they feel powerless to confront them and often go to great lengths to avoid the dreaded object or situation. According to the American Psychiatric Association, up to 24 million Americans suffer from one or more phobias, making this the country’s most common psychological disorder. Psychiatrists classify phobias according to the following categories:

Specific phobia

Fear of a specific object, situation, or event. Common examples include fears of animals, insects, the dark, germs, storms, heights, illness, and death. From 5 to 12 percent of the population suffers from such phobias at some point in life; women are more likely than men to be affected. Specific phobias often arise during childhood. Although most disappear as a child matures, a few may persist for life. Some feared situations are easy enough to avoid, but others, such as a fear of flying or of enclosed spaces (claustrophobia), can interfere with an individual’s lifestyle and work.

Social phobia

A compelling desire to avoid situations in which it’s necessary to face the scrutiny of others. People with this disorder fear being embarrassed or humiliated. For example, some persons are terrified of engaging in casual conversation; others cannot tolerate eating in a public place, using public restrooms, or interacting with a member of the opposite sex. Typically, a social phobia begins in adolescence and often lasts for life. About 3 to 5 percent of the population suffers from some type of a social phobia. Men and women have the disorder in roughly equal numbers.

Fears Phobias

Agoraphobia

An intense fear of being alone or trapped in a public place. (Agoraphobia is the Greek term for fear of a marketplace.) This is the most limiting of all phobias, causing some people literally to become prisoners in their own homes. As per https://www.reviewswell.com 0.6 percent of Americans have agoraphobia, with women outnumbering men. Some two thirds of people with agoraphobia experience panic attacks periods of intense anxiety characterized by chest pains, a rapid heartbeat, sweating, difficulty in breathing, and other symptoms easily mistaken for a heart attack.

Diagnostic Studies And Procedures

The most important diagnostic criterion is a person’s instant feeling of extreme anxiety when encountering the feared object or circumstance. A doctor or mental health professional can easily diagnose a specific phobia simply by having the person describe the fears. The patient usually takes great pains to avoid the dreaded object or situation, even while admitting that the fear is unreasonable and seeking professional help to overcome it. Some people, however, engage in what is called counter phobic behavior in an attempt to counteract their fears. They deliberately, and often irrationally, seek out the object of their phobia. Thus, a person afraid of heights may take up parachute jumping or rock climbing. Such individuals are unlikely to seek help for their phobias. People with social phobias often go to great lengths to conceal their fears, although the resulting isolation may prompt them to consult a psychotherapist. Friends and family members should suspect social phobia in a loved one who consistently finds excuses to avoid specific social activities. For example, someone who fears eating in public may invariably develop a stomachache or plead loss of appetite when invited out for a meal. In reality, the person is afraid of spilling food or committing some other embarrassing act. The anxiety may perpetuate a vicious cycle; for instance, nervousness may prompt the person to spill some food, thus reinforcing the fear. When a physician or family member suspects agoraphobia, a review of recent behavior usually reveals a typical pattern of increasing constriction of activities. Eventually, the avoidance behavior takes on a life of its own. In severe cases, the agoraphobic may venture away from home only in the company of a friend or family member. Even then, the person will probably check constantly for an escape route and may make a sudden exit, especially if symptoms of a panic attack develop. Some people with severe agoraphobia actually remain in one room at all times.

Medical Treatments

Drug Therapy

Most phobia sufferers are able to cope with their fears without medication. The exceptions are people with severe agoraphobia accompanied by panic attacks; they may require a prescription medication. Possible medications include antidepressant drugs, especially MAG inhibitors such as phenelzine (Nardil) and isocarboxazid (Marplan), or tricyclic antidepressants, such as imipramine and A fear of crowds, a common aspect of agoraphobia, can manifest itself as a panic attack or a strong desire to flee when surrounded by people. desipramine . Other potential drugs are beta blockers, usually propranolol , or antianxiety agents such as alprazolam .

Psychological Treatments

For most phobias, various forms of psychotherapy can help alleviate the fear. Even in severe cases that require drugs, a doctor will still recommend psychotherapy to get at the root of the problem. The specific approach will depend on the phobia and the degree to which it is limiting the person’s life. One to one cognitive therapy often helps an agoraphobic. Group therapy is also beneficial in most cases, because it provides mutual support from others who have similar problems.

Alternative Therapies

Alternative therapies that emphasize stress management through relaxation skills are the most helpful in overcoming phobic reactions.

Behavior Modification

This is a key therapy employed by both psychiatrists and alternative therapists in treating phobias. The person gradually learns to overcome the fears through a process called desensitization. For example, a homebound agoraphobic might be instructed to start by opening the front door and spending several minutes looking outside. When the person can do this without anxiety or panic, he goes on to the next assignment, which might be to walk to the end of the driveway. The eventual goal is to enter a public place without experiencing fear. Practitioners also use similar desensitization exercises in treating simple and social phobias.

Biofeedback Training

With guidance from a qualified therapist, an individual can learn to normalize certain physical responses for instance, a racing heartbeat and elevated blood pressure of a phobic reaction.

Hypnosis

This alternative therapy can be especially effective in overcoming simple phobias, such as a fear of flying or heights. While hypnotized, the patient is given instructions on how to respond when confronting the fear. For example, a person who fears flying may be told to imagine himself in the pilot’s seat with complete control over the situation. He may also be taught self hypnosis techniques to practice when in such fearful situations.

Meditation and Visualization

These techniques allow people with phobias to become detached observers rather than victims, permitting them to face their fears instead of trying to avoid them. Slow breathing exercises during meditation or visualization are an important part of these disciplines.

Self Treatment

Although some of the therapies just described require initial guidance from a professional, once mastered, they can be applied on your own. Also, communicating your fears to close friends and family members instead of hiding them can elicit the support you need for dealing with them. Other self help strategies include.

Breathing Exercises

You can learn to control hyperventilation and the onset of a panic attack by focusing all your attention on taking slow, deep breaths, inhaling through your nose, and exhaling slowly through your mouth. For best results, make this part of a 10 minute daily stress reduction program.

Self desensitization

Desensitization is a part of behavior modification, but you can also try it on your own. For example, if family members are eager

to adopt a cat but you are terrified of these animals, start by learning more about them from a distance. Look at cat picture books and visit a zoo to watch the lions and other big cats. Then observe a friend stroking her cat, listen to it purr, and imagine yourself stroking it. When you feel comfortable with your visual images of yourself with a cat, try petting a kitten that someone else is holding Eventually, you may be able to overcome your fear.

Support Groups

There are many organizations YMCAs, YWCAs, mental health clinics, and churches, among others that sponsor support groups to help people overcome their fears. These include groups for people with specific phobias, such as agoraphobia.

Other Causes of Fears

The use of alcohol, crack cocaine, and hallucinogenic drugs can give rise to intense fear. Also, fears may be part of other psychiatric disorders, especially schizophrenia, depression, and post traumatic stress syndrome, which follows a particularly disturbing event or experience. In unusual cases, the development of fears may be traced to a brain tumor or exposure to LSD and other toxic substances.

Depression and Headache

A link exists among headache and depression. Migraine pain knows how to be treated by a migraine expert.

Hopelessness can cause to increase headache and headache can cause to increase depression and therefore the person having misery elevate depression and chronic every day headaches. Women are 3-4 times at superior risk than men due to their biological and ecological environment.

It is mainly significant to manage the sign and symptoms of misery as soon as the symptoms come out. A very small stage of misery can eventually decrease the concern of remedy and preserve activate the headache.Depersonalization Disorder

Symptoms of depression

The next symptoms of misery must be discussed with your physician as soon as these symptoms increase.

  • Emotion motivated or depressing
  • Restlessness or sleep confusion
  • Incapability to think
  • Nervous temper
  • Slow sensitivity
  • Heaviness alter and
  • Desperate feelings

Depression and tension headache

Tension headache is additional common in people distress from depression and normally not provoked by substantial work and it is also not linked with other symptoms together with nausea and vomiting. It is recognized that the biochemical stability in the brain and nitric oxide are liable for the reason of tension headache. It is well recognized that the leisure method are most appropriate for managing anxiety kind headaches.

Depression is one of the majority significant triggers of anxiety headache and it knows how to raise the difficulty of a mild headache to chronic headache, if not managed correctly. Due to misery, various other harms such as high blood pressure, high heart rate, insomnia and headache happen and make worse at a nonstop rapidity.

Symptoms of headache caused by depression

The next symptoms are usually linked with the headache caused by depression.

  • Headache happen in equally sides of head.
  • Pain also happen in support of the head and neck
  • From time to time the entire head is exaggerated in soft style
  • Occasionally feeling, tension or squeezing pain is experiential
  • The concentration of the headache varies frequently.

Medication

Though in mostly of the cases headache obtain better, if the exaggerated person controls misery, stress and feeling. Easy relaxation method and avoiding headache triggers can help in managing problem.

If gentle headache carry on, easy remedy such as aspirin or paracetamol could be sentimental for controlling headache.

Intended for controlling cruel headaches, your physician might suggest you the medicine appropriate for controlling your indication. Here such a circumstances, you should keep away from taking over the counter (OTC) remedy and should take out cure below the direction of your physician.

How To Lose Weight With Depression

Sometimes, the most commonplace health problems are related with things that you may not have taken that seriously. Physical well being is related with the state of mind-though few people actually realize or think about it! Obesity, a major health menace which affects millions across the globe is often linked with depression. A lot of obese individuals are actually depressed. Lack of knowledge about the existing link between the two factors is often the reason behind their weight loss efforts failing to cut much ice!

Understanding the link between obesity and depression

A number of studies have indicated both obesity and depression are interlinked. However, like the proverbial ‘chicken and egg’ situation, it is not easy or simple to figure out which leads to the other. The underlying situation in very depressed and obese reason may not be same. The symptoms of depression are often linked with weight management issues and it is a two way street. A Netherlands study discovered obesity raises the risk of developing depression in non-depressed people by almost 55 percent. The same study also found depression hikes the risk for obesity by 58 percent in people with normal weight.

The health and dietary experts of https://www.phen375reviews.net/ say the section of human brain which is responsible for emotion, called the limbic system also regulates appetite. If the part of brain gets affected in persons who are depressed that has a direct impact on appetite. Besides, weight management issues can be quite depressing. Many obese individuals develop low self esteem and stay depressed most of the times. Then these people are likely to turn to food to soothe themselves which only worsens the obesity issue. Marketa Wills, a psychiatrist associated with Health Science Center of the University of Texas, says it is like a vicious circle. Additionally, use of some depression medications can lead to onset of excess weight.

Ways to lose weight when you are coping with depression

While losing excess weight can be more challenging for those coping with the menace of depression than others, it is certainly not impossible! You should adhere to some tried and tested strategies to fend off the menaces of depression and obesity at the same time.

  • At first, learn to cope with negativity and depression. If you are depressed and overweight, fending off the stress on your mind is important. Unless you are not in a better frame of mind, it will not be possible to adhere to weight loss activities for long. The sources of depression and stress in your life can be numerous and try to sort these out. It will be good if you can eradicate those elements and even persons. If a job is at the root of depression, start looking for a better alternative. Doing activities that make you feel good can help too, such as gardening or painting. The bottom-line is unless you are happy you can’t stick to the weight loss goals.
  • It is also important to set realistic weight loss goals. Factors like your age, health issues, lifestyle need to be analyzed. You can’t attain an hour glass figure within a month, as it is. You can set step by step weight loss goals for yourself. For example, you can jot down a plan to lose a certain amount of weight within a couple of months and then move to the next phase.
  • Choosing food wisely is important to lose weight. Yes, you can find plenty of weight loss diets but all of them will bring you the desired result or lasting result! It is better to consult a diet expert and get a food chart prepared, However, it is important to include healthy fats in that diet. Discard fried and processed foods from the meals as far as possible. Using herbs and spices likely ginger, pepper and lemon to enhance flavor of the dishes is advisable. You also need to be careful about discarding sauces, condiments that contain excess calories and sugar.
  • Working out to aid weight loss- Just by eating healthy food you will not see any significant weight loss and working out is vital. However, there is no ‘one thing fits all’ exercise for the obese lot. Again, you have to choose a form of exercise that you actually enjoy doing. You can take your pick from aerobics, swimming, and running and free hand exercises to get expected results.

How Does Stretch Marks Cause Depression?

Stretch marks are often related to pregnancy. A majority of women grudge about developing stretch marks both during and after pregnancy. However, apart from pregnancy, there are many other reasons for which stretch marks may start forming. In fact, stretch marks can be seen in men too. It can develop in other parts of human body, though the abdomen area is the most common place.

Common causes of stretch marks

It is true that pregnancy is one of the chief causes of stretch marks. However, there are other reasons too. Losing weight, gaining excess weight, excessive workouts etc. are some of the probable causes. According to https://www.trilastinreview.com, when the skin extends too much and is not able to get back to its normal position, stretch marks occur. The elasticity of the skin gets hampered, leading to such ugly looking stretch marks. Initially these marks tend to be dark pink in color, which gradually lose the dark tinge. Then it becomes light pink and finally turns into white silvery lines. While it is not a health problem stretch marks look pretty ugly and embarrassing. Along with the abdominal area, stretch marks are seen in upper arm, breast part, thighs, and buttocks etc.

Connection of stretch marks and depression

It may sound strange, but it is absolutely true that stretch marks often lead to bouts of depression. Stretch marks tend to develop and appear at any age. Many young men and women complain of having stretch marks for their rigorous exercise regimen. Gaining weight abruptly also contributes to development of stretch marks and both these factors may lead to depression. It is important to understand the reason behind the stretch marks as it is the only way to keep depression at bay. Of course, there are various steps which can be tried for lightening and minimizing the appearance of these stretch marks.

There is no denying stretch marks look ugly and embarrassing. These might take a toll on the confidence level of people, thereby leading to depression. For instance, wearing those beautiful short dresses or a sleek looking bikini may not be possible as the stretch marks will be visible. This may impact the victims mentally and their esteem and confidence might be hampered. Instead of shying away, it is important that women wear dresses as per their wish and preference – stretch marks or no stretch marks. Those marks should not have impact on your personality and confidence level.

Gaining weight abruptly leads to stretch marks as well. Your friends might make fun of your obesity and your stretch marks. Instead of taking these to the heart, it is better to adopt steps that help you shed weight successfully. Take well calculated steps and don’t be hard on yourself for losing weight and erasing off the stretch marks. Rather than letting people’s jeers upset and depress you, you should Work on boosting self esteem with a desire to get back into shape.

While the appearance of stretch marks contribute to depression in people, the opposite is also true! Phases of depression can lead to development of stretch marks in the individuals. When one is coping with depression, the levels of cortisol in bloodstream remain quite high all through the day. During normal times, these levels reach the peak during morning hours. They start decreasing with progress of the day. As per clinical studies, it has been seen that elevated levels of cortisol all throughout the day cause might stimulate clinical depression as the transmission of serotonin might be disturbed. Serotonin is an important neurotransmitter which helps in dealing with issues like memory, sleep and depression. Cortisol also plays an active role in inhibiting proper collagen production. As a result, the skin becomes fragile and thin and loses its elasticity. Thus the probability of developing stretch marks increases significantly.

Getting rid of stretch marks naturally

You will find the market is flooded with various kinds of topical treatments- in the form of gels, creams and ointments meant for erasing stubborn stretch marks. However, very few of these solutions actually work. Instead of these, it is better that you follow some natural methodologies for dealing with stretch marks. It is better to work on ways so that these ugly marks don’t appear at all.