Impaired Brain Connections Linked to Autism

Many people suffer from Autism and its effects worldwide these days. The brain plays a critical role in the human body, and a recent study has shown the link of the impaired brain to Autism which is still under more research. The human brain is known as the command center for the body. It not only handles various organs but also body movement in different situations, and that is why any issue with the same may lead to irreparable damage to the body as a whole and also different organs. It also affects the musculoskeletal system and Autism, which trouble the individual to a large extent.

The disease

Autism is considered as a disease where one suffers from issues related to verbal and non-verbal communication as well as decision making. As per the experts, the back part of the Autistic person is developed more which affects the other neurons resulting in troubles with speaking, observing, and overall behavior. Though there is no specific age when this disease develops, it is mostly found in the young age only, which affects the overall development of an individual. There is no specific treatment yet available for such cases.

The connection between brain and Autism

As per medical science, the brain is the organ that commands the body and its various organs. It takes care of the requirements of each organ and also signals them as per the situation. People who have developed Autism fail to respond to the situation as desired. This is due to the issues with their neurons in the brain, which helps one command the body and its activities. Hence it can be said that when the brain is impaired, it leads to Autism. Usually, this situation is easily monitored as the symptoms of Autism are visible. With age, Autism develops more, and no cure is why people have to suffer from more symptoms.

How does Autism develop?

How Autism is developed is a big question as there is no specific reason associated and known to the researchers. As per the experts, those who suffer from this impairment with the brain have trouble in the development of the brain at an early age. Different parts of the brain are not developed as they should be. This leads to troubles with the signaling of the brain between different neurons, causing fewer activities and trouble with the thinking process and decision-making to the patient. Genes are also considered as a responsible factor for this situation. As per a study, it is seen that children who are born prematurely can be a victim of this situation. Autism also affects one’s nature, social behavior, interaction, and communication in different situations. Primarily there are four types of disorders of Autism as per medical science.

The symptoms

Among different patients, different symptoms of Autism can be seen. However, according to experts, there are a few common symptoms which include following rules, avoiding eye contact. Symptoms like disturbance with minute change in schedule or minor changes, delayed or unbelievable reactions to different sounds and interactions, as well as touch and smells. Such patients also face issues with understanding of emotions from others.

Can this impairment be avoided?

Though it is believed that Autism cannot be treated, experts also observed that in a few cases, people who grow with age have also shown development in the condition of Autism. There is no specific treatment for the development, but the symptoms of the same can be slowed down with some medications prescribed by experts like Mushroom Brain Boost. It is also seen that with the change in age, different symptoms may improve. However, it is seen that such changes may not be equal among different patients, and the rate of reducing these symptoms may vary from person to person.

Can brain surgery help one to recover from Autism?

To date, there is no proof that surgery can help patients recover from the condition of Autism. There are a few surgeries carried out by experts in a few cases to help the patients as a last option, but none of them have got desired success. Hence experts believe that brain surgery cannot prove effective in recovering a patient from this disease. There is no specific cure for this disease with medical science to date.

The Link Between Sleep and Depression

Any individuals who have encountered depression realize that sleep difficulties frequently surround it. It can be hard for persons with depression to feel sleepy and keep sleeping through the nighttime. They may also have extreme drowsiness during the day or perhaps even too much sleep.

Sleep disorders can worsen the acute depression at the very same period, leading to a decrease in the cycle between depression and sleeping that can be tough to crack. In certain individuals, sleep deprivation can also trigger severe depression. Knowing the dynamic link between sleeping and anxiety may be a significant factor in enhancing the effectiveness of sleeping and reducing depression symptoms properly.

Depression and its Connection with Sleep

A positive response to difficulties in life may be emotions of sorrow, anger, or helplessness. These emotions typically occur in stages, are connected to emotions or memories of stressful circumstances, last for maybe a tiny period of time, and do not interact with education, jobs, or love relations. Though doctors do not really know the correct symptoms of stress, the likelihood of experiencing this disease can be raised by a variety of causes. This involves possessing a history of mental health issues in person or in the household, suffering peak intensity or traumatic events, having some drugs, and getting particular diseases.

Research says that, response to fluctuations in the neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain, prolonged sleep deficiency, or decreased sleep over time, contribute to anxiety and depression. Severe sleep loss, on the other case, can help battle depression, although this is not without adverse effects and further testing is required before this could be deemed an alternative for medication.

More Symptoms and Solutions

Although mental health problems such as depression have historically been recognized to frequently cause symptoms such as insomnia or sleepiness, new evidence shows that the association between poor sleep and depression is bidirectional. This suggests that the lack of sleep is not simply a function of depression. Depressive symptoms can also be induced or exacerbated by sleep loss or sleep disruption in itself. Because insomnia has been recognized as a cause of depression, studies claim that identifying and treating sleep disorders early on can help minimize the risk of insomnia or decrease depression and anxiety. You can take antidepressants or sleeping pills to fight this problem (only after consulting with a specialist).

More Research Needed

That being said, to even further investigate the possible effect of insomnia therapy on the likelihood of depression and symptoms mitigation, additional investigations are necessary.

Double Depression-: What It Is and What to Do If You Have It

Double depression is a psychiatric illness called Dysthymia. Dysthymia is referred to as mild, chronic depression with fewer symptoms, mostly low energy or low self-esteem that linger for a more extended period like two years in adults and one year in kids. This “dark mode” or “phase of sadness” can be prolonged for many years too. These fewer symptoms go on increasing and worsen the Dysthymia and can result in severe depression. This depression on top of Dysthymia is called Double Depression.


Researches are still going on to find the exact causes of Dysthymia or Double Depression. But studies show that there are various contributors to depression problems such as
i) genes

  1. ii) Family history of Depression

iii) Abnormal brain circuits regulating mood

  1. iv) Trauma events
    v) life stressors
  2. vi) Chronic illness
    vii) medications
    viii) Work stress
  3. ix) Relationship or breakups
    x) Loss of closed ones

All of the above reasons can cause Dysthymia, and the increasing symptoms can top depression more. The more time any person is exposed to the depression phase, the faster their chances to diagnose with double depression.


Depression symptoms are easily visible to a person who is watching a depressed. But it is often not visible to a depressed person him/herself even though he/she experiences it. The symptoms include:

i) Depressed or sad mood almost most of the day and every day

  1. ii) Extreme hopelessness

iii) Low on energy or restlessness that is visible

  1. iv) Weight gain or appetite
  2. v) Lack of focus or concentration
  3. vi) Insomnia or oversleeping

vii) The feeling of loss of control over life

viii) Existential crisis or low self-esteem

  1. ix) Loss of interest in life activities
  2. x) Suicidal thoughts, agitated behavior

    Not all of the symptoms need to show up together or be experienced at a time. There can be only 2-3 symptoms that might be significant contributors to driving the depression. Most of the time, depression starts with the isolation that is a preference to stay alone, a sense of worthlessness, running away from real-world and oversleeping or insomnia due to excessive negative thoughts.

Over some time, these symptoms go on increasing. One sign becomes the cause of others, and this prolonged phase over some time develops double depression that can even stay for decades.

Diagnosing Double Depression

Doule Depression is said to be the most severe treating depression as it has already crossed the two years of Dysthymia and has developed over the years because it has been not correctly diagnosed before. The solution of Double Depression is its prevention in early stages. But once this stage is crossed, the depression survivor has become a changed person, and depression has already taken over his mind.

The right ways to diagnose the depression are seeking out help, and a lot of depression victims exactly fail at it, which results in worsening the situation. Treating the Dysthymia first is the only way to reduce the level of double depression.
Here are some possible ways of treating Double Depression:

i) Antidepressants: Antidepressants drugs help to balance chemicals in the brain that affect moods.
ii) Psychotherapies: Cognitive therapy or Cognitive psychotherapy can help to understand details and treat the patient to change their negative thoughts or perspective to develop a positive approach.

iii) Interpersonal therapy: Therapy that involves breaking the person’s fears or overcoming them by putting them in various situations during counseling.

Hopeful on COVID-19 Research- Not one, but Two Vaccines show promise.

COVID-19 pandemic has spread all over the world and has brought everyone’s life to a standstill situation. Everyone has been holding back in their houses from the last 4-5 months, and no one knows when this will come to an end.

Scientists and researchers are hopeful that the COVID-19 vaccines will definitely and effectively treat this virus and vanish it off from the world. But making these vaccines is not an easy task. Everyone is trying their level best to find the best solution for this pandemic, and some have become successful in it all these months. We are slowly discovering the right treatment to remove this virus from the human body and this world.

From the last few days, the researchers can find some adequate solutions to this problem. They are finding vaccines that will effectively treat COVID-19 patients in this world.

Vaccines researched till now that can become a solution to this virus:-

The two vaccines that have proved to treat the COVID-19 patients effectively from the last few days of day and night research.

The two vaccines are stated and described as follows-

  1. Covaxin:

Covaxin vaccine is a product form the Bharat Biotech and has proved to be very useful since the time of its launch. The Bharat Biotech has launched it in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).

Covaxin needs high protection in its preparation and complete safety norms to adhere as outlined by the regulatory authorities; that is why the company has prepared it in its highly protected and containment area.

Covaxin vaccine is vital to destroy the future of COVID-19 from the world and erase its existence and make it disappear forever. The vaccine will surely prove to be very efficient in healing the COVID-19 patients and will bring a healthy tomorrow for the whole world without any doubt.


  1. ZyCoV-D:

ZyCoV-D vaccine is popularly launched in the DNA vaccine platform all over India, and the trials have already begun in humans. The test for this vaccine will be conducted on not only some but 1000 volunteers, and everyone is very excited and anxious about the launch of the same.

This vaccine is successfully launched by the Zydus Cadila Company and is very active and productive according to the company’s recommendation.

This vaccine, if successful, will bring a new tomorrow for the people all over the world as it will raise new hopes among the people that the pandemic can be abolished.

The success of this vaccine, against the Covaxin, is critical and crucial for the whole world at this stage.


The above vaccines are the best solutions available to date for the most disastrous and dangerous pandemic that has occurred in our lives. If we want to erase this pandemic from our lives forever, then we will surely have to do something meaningful and essential in our lives, at least for ourselves. Keeping ourselves healthy and safe is the only thing that makes a lot of meaning at this time. Protection, precaution, and safety are all it takes to throw out this virus from the world.

Using CBD Oil For Depression: Does It Work?

Depression is a type of disorder that affects your mental health most. It is a feeling of fear, anger, or loss that can interfere with the daily schedules. It will change your working capacity and productivity. Depression is a severe issue, and it requires a timely solution. The signs of depression vary from one individual to another.

There are many causes of depression, including drugs, medication, family problems, and early childhood trauma. Depression is one of the fastest-growing problems of the world, and according to WHO, more than 264 million people are suffering from this issue. There are many harmful effects of depression; some of them are listed below.

  • Physical pain
  • Weight loss or gain
  • Suicide
  • Panic attacks

It is necessary to deal with depression at an early phase. The use of antidepressants is the most common way to treat depression. But according to a study, 33% of total sufferers of depression don’t get relief by medication. Hence, some people recommend the use of CBD oil to deal with depression. Here we discuss the usefulness of cannabinoids for the patients of depression.

What Is CBD Oil?

CBD Oil is a compound made from cannabinoids. What is Cannabinoid? It is a naturally occurring compound extracted from the hemp plant. The use of the hemp plant was illegal in the USA before 2018. Then the government passed a bill according to which use of the hemp plant is safe for medical purposes.

People often get confused between hemp and marijuana, both the plants contain CBD, but they are different from each other based on the amount of THC present. The hemp plant comprises less than 0.3% of THC, where marijuana gives more than that amount. Hence the government allows the only hemp for usage because it has less THC, but why?

This is because THC is a compound that makes you high. It is not ideal for your brain and mental health. Hence only hemp plants are used for making CBD oil. CBD oil is 100% legal, and it doesn’t cause any severe side effects to your body.

Should We Use CBD For Depression?

CBD is helpful for the patients suffering from depression. In many studies, CBD is found as a promising compound for the treatment of depression and anxiety. Research shows that the intake of CBD has a positive effect on serotonin receptors present in the brain.

Serotonin is an essential receptor of the body, and it controls many functions of the body. It controls a person’s emotional and happy states. It has a profound impact on our well being, and it is essential to maintain serotonin to recover from depression.

Other studies also showed the effectiveness of CBD for individuals facing depression. The use of CBD produces both antidepressant and anti-anxiety effects. CBD’s use is non-addictive, but it has some side effects depending on the person and its usage. Individuals who are allergic or sensitive to CBD found the below side effects.

  • Diarrhea
  • Change in weight
  • Tiredness

There may be good results of CBD, but it doesn’t mean you stop the intake of antidepressants. You must consult your doctor before switching to CBD.

What Else Can I Do To Fight Depression?

  • Never leave alone. Make friends and build a network. If you feel depressed, talk to your close ones.
  • Sleep adequately. Proper sleep reduces the pressure of mind and helps you feel refreshed.
  • Eat a balanced diet, and stop eating junk and street food.
  • Meditate daily. Medication is the best way to reduce the symptoms of depression.
  • Try listening to your favorite music or watch movies.
  • Stay connected with nature, go for exercise, and walk in a field or park.

Fears And Phobias

Fear is a strong emotional response to danger, real or imagined. A phobia the Greek word for fear is a persistent, irrational fear that is out of all proportion to its cause. People with phobias recognize that their fears are excessive and constraining, but they feel powerless to confront them and often go to great lengths to avoid the dreaded object or situation. According to the American Psychiatric Association, up to 24 million Americans suffer from one or more phobias, making this the country’s most common psychological disorder. Psychiatrists classify phobias according to the following categories:

Specific phobia

Fear of a specific object, situation, or event. Common examples include fears of animals, insects, the dark, germs, storms, heights, illness, and death. From 5 to 12 percent of the population suffers from such phobias at some point in life; women are more likely than men to be affected. Specific phobias often arise during childhood. Although most disappear as a child matures, a few may persist for life. Some feared situations are easy enough to avoid, but others, such as a fear of flying or of enclosed spaces (claustrophobia), can interfere with an individual’s lifestyle and work.

Social phobia

A compelling desire to avoid situations in which it’s necessary to face the scrutiny of others. People with this disorder fear being embarrassed or humiliated. For example, some persons are terrified of engaging in casual conversation; others cannot tolerate eating in a public place, using public restrooms, or interacting with a member of the opposite sex. Typically, a social phobia begins in adolescence and often lasts for life. About 3 to 5 percent of the population suffers from some type of a social phobia. Men and women have the disorder in roughly equal numbers.

Fears Phobias


An intense fear of being alone or trapped in a public place. (Agoraphobia is the Greek term for fear of a marketplace.) This is the most limiting of all phobias, causing some people literally to become prisoners in their own homes. As per 0.6 percent of Americans have agoraphobia, with women outnumbering men. Some two thirds of people with agoraphobia experience panic attacks periods of intense anxiety characterized by chest pains, a rapid heartbeat, sweating, difficulty in breathing, and other symptoms easily mistaken for a heart attack.

Diagnostic Studies And Procedures

The most important diagnostic criterion is a person’s instant feeling of extreme anxiety when encountering the feared object or circumstance. A doctor or mental health professional can easily diagnose a specific phobia simply by having the person describe the fears. The patient usually takes great pains to avoid the dreaded object or situation, even while admitting that the fear is unreasonable and seeking professional help to overcome it. Some people, however, engage in what is called counter phobic behavior in an attempt to counteract their fears. They deliberately, and often irrationally, seek out the object of their phobia. Thus, a person afraid of heights may take up parachute jumping or rock climbing. Such individuals are unlikely to seek help for their phobias. People with social phobias often go to great lengths to conceal their fears, although the resulting isolation may prompt them to consult a psychotherapist. Friends and family members should suspect social phobia in a loved one who consistently finds excuses to avoid specific social activities. For example, someone who fears eating in public may invariably develop a stomachache or plead loss of appetite when invited out for a meal. In reality, the person is afraid of spilling food or committing some other embarrassing act. The anxiety may perpetuate a vicious cycle; for instance, nervousness may prompt the person to spill some food, thus reinforcing the fear. When a physician or family member suspects agoraphobia, a review of recent behavior usually reveals a typical pattern of increasing constriction of activities. Eventually, the avoidance behavior takes on a life of its own. In severe cases, the agoraphobic may venture away from home only in the company of a friend or family member. Even then, the person will probably check constantly for an escape route and may make a sudden exit, especially if symptoms of a panic attack develop. Some people with severe agoraphobia actually remain in one room at all times.

Medical Treatments

Drug Therapy

Most phobia sufferers are able to cope with their fears without medication. The exceptions are people with severe agoraphobia accompanied by panic attacks; they may require a prescription medication. Possible medications include antidepressant drugs, especially MAG inhibitors such as phenelzine (Nardil) and isocarboxazid (Marplan), or tricyclic antidepressants, such as imipramine and A fear of crowds, a common aspect of agoraphobia, can manifest itself as a panic attack or a strong desire to flee when surrounded by people. desipramine . Other potential drugs are beta blockers, usually propranolol , or antianxiety agents such as alprazolam .

Psychological Treatments

For most phobias, various forms of psychotherapy can help alleviate the fear. Even in severe cases that require drugs, a doctor will still recommend psychotherapy to get at the root of the problem. The specific approach will depend on the phobia and the degree to which it is limiting the person’s life. One to one cognitive therapy often helps an agoraphobic. Group therapy is also beneficial in most cases, because it provides mutual support from others who have similar problems.

Alternative Therapies

Alternative therapies that emphasize stress management through relaxation skills are the most helpful in overcoming phobic reactions.

Behavior Modification

This is a key therapy employed by both psychiatrists and alternative therapists in treating phobias. The person gradually learns to overcome the fears through a process called desensitization. For example, a homebound agoraphobic might be instructed to start by opening the front door and spending several minutes looking outside. When the person can do this without anxiety or panic, he goes on to the next assignment, which might be to walk to the end of the driveway. The eventual goal is to enter a public place without experiencing fear. Practitioners also use similar desensitization exercises in treating simple and social phobias.

Biofeedback Training

With guidance from a qualified therapist, an individual can learn to normalize certain physical responses for instance, a racing heartbeat and elevated blood pressure of a phobic reaction.


This alternative therapy can be especially effective in overcoming simple phobias, such as a fear of flying or heights. While hypnotized, the patient is given instructions on how to respond when confronting the fear. For example, a person who fears flying may be told to imagine himself in the pilot’s seat with complete control over the situation. He may also be taught self hypnosis techniques to practice when in such fearful situations.

Meditation and Visualization

These techniques allow people with phobias to become detached observers rather than victims, permitting them to face their fears instead of trying to avoid them. Slow breathing exercises during meditation or visualization are an important part of these disciplines.

Self Treatment

Although some of the therapies just described require initial guidance from a professional, once mastered, they can be applied on your own. Also, communicating your fears to close friends and family members instead of hiding them can elicit the support you need for dealing with them. Other self help strategies include.

Breathing Exercises

You can learn to control hyperventilation and the onset of a panic attack by focusing all your attention on taking slow, deep breaths, inhaling through your nose, and exhaling slowly through your mouth. For best results, make this part of a 10 minute daily stress reduction program.

Self desensitization

Desensitization is a part of behavior modification, but you can also try it on your own. For example, if family members are eager

to adopt a cat but you are terrified of these animals, start by learning more about them from a distance. Look at cat picture books and visit a zoo to watch the lions and other big cats. Then observe a friend stroking her cat, listen to it purr, and imagine yourself stroking it. When you feel comfortable with your visual images of yourself with a cat, try petting a kitten that someone else is holding Eventually, you may be able to overcome your fear.

Support Groups

There are many organizations YMCAs, YWCAs, mental health clinics, and churches, among others that sponsor support groups to help people overcome their fears. These include groups for people with specific phobias, such as agoraphobia.

Other Causes of Fears

The use of alcohol, crack cocaine, and hallucinogenic drugs can give rise to intense fear. Also, fears may be part of other psychiatric disorders, especially schizophrenia, depression, and post traumatic stress syndrome, which follows a particularly disturbing event or experience. In unusual cases, the development of fears may be traced to a brain tumor or exposure to LSD and other toxic substances.

Depression and Headache

A link exists among headache and depression. Migraine pain knows how to be treated by a migraine expert.

Hopelessness can cause to increase headache and headache can cause to increase depression and therefore the person having misery elevate depression and chronic every day headaches. Women are 3-4 times at superior risk than men due to their biological and ecological environment.

It is mainly significant to manage the sign and symptoms of misery as soon as the symptoms come out. A very small stage of misery can eventually decrease the concern of remedy and preserve activate the headache.Depersonalization Disorder

Symptoms of depression

The next symptoms of misery must be discussed with your physician as soon as these symptoms increase.

  • Emotion motivated or depressing
  • Restlessness or sleep confusion
  • Incapability to think
  • Nervous temper
  • Slow sensitivity
  • Heaviness alter and
  • Desperate feelings

Depression and tension headache

Tension headache is additional common in people distress from depression and normally not provoked by substantial work and it is also not linked with other symptoms together with nausea and vomiting. It is recognized that the biochemical stability in the brain and nitric oxide are liable for the reason of tension headache. It is well recognized that the leisure method are most appropriate for managing anxiety kind headaches.

Depression is one of the majority significant triggers of anxiety headache and it knows how to raise the difficulty of a mild headache to chronic headache, if not managed correctly. Due to misery, various other harms such as high blood pressure, high heart rate, insomnia and headache happen and make worse at a nonstop rapidity.

Symptoms of headache caused by depression

The next symptoms are usually linked with the headache caused by depression.

  • Headache happen in equally sides of head.
  • Pain also happen in support of the head and neck
  • From time to time the entire head is exaggerated in soft style
  • Occasionally feeling, tension or squeezing pain is experiential
  • The concentration of the headache varies frequently.


Though in mostly of the cases headache obtain better, if the exaggerated person controls misery, stress and feeling. Easy relaxation method and avoiding headache triggers can help in managing problem.

If gentle headache carry on, easy remedy such as aspirin or paracetamol could be sentimental for controlling headache.

Intended for controlling cruel headaches, your physician might suggest you the medicine appropriate for controlling your indication. Here such a circumstances, you should keep away from taking over the counter (OTC) remedy and should take out cure below the direction of your physician.

How To Lose Weight With Depression

Sometimes, the most commonplace health problems are related with things that you may not have taken that seriously. Physical well being is related with the state of mind-though few people actually realize or think about it! Obesity, a major health menace which affects millions across the globe is often linked with depression. A lot of obese individuals are actually depressed. Lack of knowledge about the existing link between the two factors is often the reason behind their weight loss efforts failing to cut much ice!

Understanding the link between obesity and depression

A number of studies have indicated both obesity and depression are interlinked. However, like the proverbial ‘chicken and egg’ situation, it is not easy or simple to figure out which leads to the other. The underlying situation in very depressed and obese reason may not be same. The symptoms of depression are often linked with weight management issues and it is a two way street. A Netherlands study discovered obesity raises the risk of developing depression in non-depressed people by almost 55 percent. The same study also found depression hikes the risk for obesity by 58 percent in people with normal weight.

The health and dietary experts of say the section of human brain which is responsible for emotion, called the limbic system also regulates appetite. If the part of brain gets affected in persons who are depressed that has a direct impact on appetite. Besides, weight management issues can be quite depressing. Many obese individuals develop low self esteem and stay depressed most of the times. Then these people are likely to turn to food to soothe themselves which only worsens the obesity issue. Marketa Wills, a psychiatrist associated with Health Science Center of the University of Texas, says it is like a vicious circle. Additionally, use of some depression medications can lead to onset of excess weight.

Ways to lose weight when you are coping with depression

While losing excess weight can be more challenging for those coping with the menace of depression than others, it is certainly not impossible! You should adhere to some tried and tested strategies to fend off the menaces of depression and obesity at the same time.

  • At first, learn to cope with negativity and depression. If you are depressed and overweight, fending off the stress on your mind is important. Unless you are not in a better frame of mind, it will not be possible to adhere to weight loss activities for long. The sources of depression and stress in your life can be numerous and try to sort these out. It will be good if you can eradicate those elements and even persons. If a job is at the root of depression, start looking for a better alternative. Doing activities that make you feel good can help too, such as gardening or painting. The bottom-line is unless you are happy you can’t stick to the weight loss goals.
  • It is also important to set realistic weight loss goals. Factors like your age, health issues, lifestyle need to be analyzed. You can’t attain an hour glass figure within a month, as it is. You can set step by step weight loss goals for yourself. For example, you can jot down a plan to lose a certain amount of weight within a couple of months and then move to the next phase.
  • Choosing food wisely is important to lose weight. Yes, you can find plenty of weight loss diets but all of them will bring you the desired result or lasting result! It is better to consult a diet expert and get a food chart prepared, However, it is important to include healthy fats in that diet. Discard fried and processed foods from the meals as far as possible. Using herbs and spices likely ginger, pepper and lemon to enhance flavor of the dishes is advisable. You also need to be careful about discarding sauces, condiments that contain excess calories and sugar.
  • Working out to aid weight loss- Just by eating healthy food you will not see any significant weight loss and working out is vital. However, there is no ‘one thing fits all’ exercise for the obese lot. Again, you have to choose a form of exercise that you actually enjoy doing. You can take your pick from aerobics, swimming, and running and free hand exercises to get expected results.

How Does Stretch Marks Cause Depression?

Stretch marks are often related to pregnancy. A majority of women grudge about developing stretch marks both during and after pregnancy. However, apart from pregnancy, there are many other reasons for which stretch marks may start forming. In fact, stretch marks can be seen in men too. It can develop in other parts of human body, though the abdomen area is the most common place.

Common causes of stretch marks

It is true that pregnancy is one of the chief causes of stretch marks. However, there are other reasons too. Losing weight, gaining excess weight, excessive workouts etc. are some of the probable causes. According to, when the skin extends too much and is not able to get back to its normal position, stretch marks occur. The elasticity of the skin gets hampered, leading to such ugly looking stretch marks. Initially these marks tend to be dark pink in color, which gradually lose the dark tinge. Then it becomes light pink and finally turns into white silvery lines. While it is not a health problem stretch marks look pretty ugly and embarrassing. Along with the abdominal area, stretch marks are seen in upper arm, breast part, thighs, and buttocks etc.

Connection of stretch marks and depression

It may sound strange, but it is absolutely true that stretch marks often lead to bouts of depression. Stretch marks tend to develop and appear at any age. Many young men and women complain of having stretch marks for their rigorous exercise regimen. Gaining weight abruptly also contributes to development of stretch marks and both these factors may lead to depression. It is important to understand the reason behind the stretch marks as it is the only way to keep depression at bay. Of course, there are various steps which can be tried for lightening and minimizing the appearance of these stretch marks.

There is no denying stretch marks look ugly and embarrassing. These might take a toll on the confidence level of people, thereby leading to depression. For instance, wearing those beautiful short dresses or a sleek looking bikini may not be possible as the stretch marks will be visible. This may impact the victims mentally and their esteem and confidence might be hampered. Instead of shying away, it is important that women wear dresses as per their wish and preference – stretch marks or no stretch marks. Those marks should not have impact on your personality and confidence level.

Gaining weight abruptly leads to stretch marks as well. Your friends might make fun of your obesity and your stretch marks. Instead of taking these to the heart, it is better to adopt steps that help you shed weight successfully. Take well calculated steps and don’t be hard on yourself for losing weight and erasing off the stretch marks. Rather than letting people’s jeers upset and depress you, you should Work on boosting self esteem with a desire to get back into shape.

While the appearance of stretch marks contribute to depression in people, the opposite is also true! Phases of depression can lead to development of stretch marks in the individuals. When one is coping with depression, the levels of cortisol in bloodstream remain quite high all through the day. During normal times, these levels reach the peak during morning hours. They start decreasing with progress of the day. As per clinical studies, it has been seen that elevated levels of cortisol all throughout the day cause might stimulate clinical depression as the transmission of serotonin might be disturbed. Serotonin is an important neurotransmitter which helps in dealing with issues like memory, sleep and depression. Cortisol also plays an active role in inhibiting proper collagen production. As a result, the skin becomes fragile and thin and loses its elasticity. Thus the probability of developing stretch marks increases significantly.

Getting rid of stretch marks naturally

You will find the market is flooded with various kinds of topical treatments- in the form of gels, creams and ointments meant for erasing stubborn stretch marks. However, very few of these solutions actually work. Instead of these, it is better that you follow some natural methodologies for dealing with stretch marks. It is better to work on ways so that these ugly marks don’t appear at all.

Adapin Antidepressant : Doxepin


Brand Name: Doxepin

DOXEPIN (Sinequan®) belongs to a group of medicines called tricyclic antidepressants. Doxepin can lift your spirits and relieve your depression. Generic doxepin capsules are available.Doxepin is in a class of drugs called tricyclic antidepressants. Doxepin affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause depression. Doxepin hydrochloride is one of a class of psychotherapeutic agents known as dibenzoxepin tricyclic compounds.

Uses of Adapin

  • Doxepin ( Adapin, Sinequan, Zonalon ) is an antidepressants, used in the treatment of many types of depression: refractory depression, major depression, mixed depression anxiety,neurotic depression, spontaneous endogenous depression.
  • Doxepin ( Adapin, Sinequan, Zonalon ) can also be used for the treatment of anxiety, chronic skin disorders, itching,panic disorders, peptic ulcer disease, postprandial hypoglycemia, posttraumatic stress disorder ( PTSD ), sleep disorders, or to stop the cravings of smoking, swelling, and to decrease nightly urination.
  • Doxepin ( Adapin, Sinequan, Zonalon ) has been used to combat chronic pain in, arthritis, diabetic disease, herpes lesions, migraines, pain in cancer patients, tension headaches, or tic douloureux.

How to Take Adapin

  • Take doxepin exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.
  • Take each dose with a full glass (8 oz) of water.
  • Doxepin may be taken several times a day or in one daily dose (usually at bedtime). Follow your doctor’s instructions.
  • It may be several weeks before you start to feel better, but do not stop taking doxepin without first talking to your doctor.

What are the Side Effects of Adapin Medication

This medicine can cause many side effects. The most common are:

  • dizziness
  • headache
  • dry mouth
  • constipation
  • nausea
  • nervousness
  • weight gain.

Warnings and precautions before taking Adapin Medication

  • Tricyclic antidepressants may also give rise to paralytic ileus, particularly in the elderly and in hospitalized patients. Therefore, appropriate measures should be taken if constipation occurs.
  • When doxepin is given concomitantly with anticholinergic or sympathomimetic drugs, close supervision and careful adjustment of dosages are required.
  • Doxepin should be discontinued prior to elective surgery for as long as the clinical situation will allow.
  • Doxepin should be used with caution in patients with impaired liver function or with a history of hepatic damage or blood dyscrasias. Periodic blood counts and liver function tests should be performed when patients receive doxepin in large doses or over prolonged periods.
  • This medicine should NOT be used by those having take MAO inhibitors in the last two weeks, by those with narrow angle glaucoma, or by those with cardiac rhythm problems.
  • It should NOT be abruptly discontinued.
  • Elderly patients generally should avoid this medicine, if possible, due to the increased chance of dizziness and falls.
  • This medicine may cause dizziness or drowsiness. Alcoholic beverages can increase the side effects of this medicine and should be avoided.

What drugs may interact with Adapin Tablet

  • Possible drug interactions may occur with phenobarbital causing a decrease in the effect of the medications. Severe blood pressure problems and seizure can occur with taken with MAO inhibitors.
  • Talk with your physician or pharmacist if you are taking other medications.Talk with your physician or pharmacist if you are taking other medications.

What to do if you take Overdose of Adapin ?

Symptoms of an doxepin overdose include:

  • seizures
  • confusion
  • drowsiness
  • agitation
  • hallucinations and low blood pressure (dizziness, fatigue, fainting).

How to Store Adapin ?

Store doxepin at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. Talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.