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How To Lose Weight With Depression

Sometimes, the most commonplace health problems are related with things that you may not have taken that seriously. Physical well being is related with the state of mind-though few people actually realize or think about it! Obesity, a major health menace which affects millions across the globe is often linked with depression. A lot of obese individuals are actually depressed. Lack of knowledge about the existing link between the two factors is often the reason behind their weight loss efforts failing to cut much ice!

Understanding the link between obesity and depression

A number of studies have indicated both obesity and depression are interlinked. However, like the proverbial ‘chicken and egg’ situation, it is not easy or simple to figure out which leads to the other. The underlying situation in very depressed and obese reason may not be same. The symptoms of depression are often linked with weight management issues and it is a two way street. A Netherlands study discovered obesity raises the risk of developing depression in non-depressed people by almost 55 percent. The same study also found depression hikes the risk for obesity by 58 percent in people with normal weight.

The health and dietary experts of https://www.phen375reviews.net/ say the section of human brain which is responsible for emotion, called the limbic system also regulates appetite. If the part of brain gets affected in persons who are depressed that has a direct impact on appetite. Besides, weight management issues can be quite depressing. Many obese individuals develop low self esteem and stay depressed most of the times. Then these people are likely to turn to food to soothe themselves which only worsens the obesity issue. Marketa Wills, a psychiatrist associated with Health Science Center of the University of Texas, says it is like a vicious circle. Additionally, use of some depression medications can lead to onset of excess weight.

Ways to lose weight when you are coping with depression

While losing excess weight can be more challenging for those coping with the menace of depression than others, it is certainly not impossible! You should adhere to some tried and tested strategies to fend off the menaces of depression and obesity at the same time.

  • At first, learn to cope with negativity and depression. If you are depressed and overweight, fending off the stress on your mind is important. Unless you are not in a better frame of mind, it will not be possible to adhere to weight loss activities for long. The sources of depression and stress in your life can be numerous and try to sort these out. It will be good if you can eradicate those elements and even persons. If a job is at the root of depression, start looking for a better alternative. Doing activities that make you feel good can help too, such as gardening or painting. The bottom-line is unless you are happy you can’t stick to the weight loss goals.
  • It is also important to set realistic weight loss goals. Factors like your age, health issues, lifestyle need to be analyzed. You can’t attain an hour glass figure within a month, as it is. You can set step by step weight loss goals for yourself. For example, you can jot down a plan to lose a certain amount of weight within a couple of months and then move to the next phase.
  • Choosing food wisely is important to lose weight. Yes, you can find plenty of weight loss diets but all of them will bring you the desired result or lasting result! It is better to consult a diet expert and get a food chart prepared, However, it is important to include healthy fats in that diet. Discard fried and processed foods from the meals as far as possible. Using herbs and spices likely ginger, pepper and lemon to enhance flavor of the dishes is advisable. You also need to be careful about discarding sauces, condiments that contain excess calories and sugar.
  • Working out to aid weight loss- Just by eating healthy food you will not see any significant weight loss and working out is vital. However, there is no ‘one thing fits all’ exercise for the obese lot. Again, you have to choose a form of exercise that you actually enjoy doing. You can take your pick from aerobics, swimming, and running and free hand exercises to get expected results.

How Does Stretch Marks Cause Depression?

Stretch marks are often related to pregnancy. A majority of women grudge about developing stretch marks both during and after pregnancy. However, apart from pregnancy, there are many other reasons for which stretch marks may start forming. In fact, stretch marks can be seen in men too. It can develop in other parts of human body, though the abdomen area is the most common place.

Common causes of stretch marks

It is true that pregnancy is one of the chief causes of stretch marks. However, there are other reasons too. Losing weight, gaining excess weight, excessive workouts etc. are some of the probable causes. According to https://www.trilastinreview.com, when the skin extends too much and is not able to get back to its normal position, stretch marks occur. The elasticity of the skin gets hampered, leading to such ugly looking stretch marks. Initially these marks tend to be dark pink in color, which gradually lose the dark tinge. Then it becomes light pink and finally turns into white silvery lines. While it is not a health problem stretch marks look pretty ugly and embarrassing. Along with the abdominal area, stretch marks are seen in upper arm, breast part, thighs, and buttocks etc.

Connection of stretch marks and depression

It may sound strange, but it is absolutely true that stretch marks often lead to bouts of depression. Stretch marks tend to develop and appear at any age. Many young men and women complain of having stretch marks for their rigorous exercise regimen. Gaining weight abruptly also contributes to development of stretch marks and both these factors may lead to depression. It is important to understand the reason behind the stretch marks as it is the only way to keep depression at bay. Of course, there are various steps which can be tried for lightening and minimizing the appearance of these stretch marks.

There is no denying stretch marks look ugly and embarrassing. These might take a toll on the confidence level of people, thereby leading to depression. For instance, wearing those beautiful short dresses or a sleek looking bikini may not be possible as the stretch marks will be visible. This may impact the victims mentally and their esteem and confidence might be hampered. Instead of shying away, it is important that women wear dresses as per their wish and preference – stretch marks or no stretch marks. Those marks should not have impact on your personality and confidence level.

Gaining weight abruptly leads to stretch marks as well. Your friends might make fun of your obesity and your stretch marks. Instead of taking these to the heart, it is better to adopt steps that help you shed weight successfully. Take well calculated steps and don’t be hard on yourself for losing weight and erasing off the stretch marks. Rather than letting people’s jeers upset and depress you, you should Work on boosting self esteem with a desire to get back into shape.

While the appearance of stretch marks contribute to depression in people, the opposite is also true! Phases of depression can lead to development of stretch marks in the individuals. When one is coping with depression, the levels of cortisol in bloodstream remain quite high all through the day. During normal times, these levels reach the peak during morning hours. They start decreasing with progress of the day. As per clinical studies, it has been seen that elevated levels of cortisol all throughout the day cause might stimulate clinical depression as the transmission of serotonin might be disturbed. Serotonin is an important neurotransmitter which helps in dealing with issues like memory, sleep and depression. Cortisol also plays an active role in inhibiting proper collagen production. As a result, the skin becomes fragile and thin and loses its elasticity. Thus the probability of developing stretch marks increases significantly.

Getting rid of stretch marks naturally

You will find the market is flooded with various kinds of topical treatments- in the form of gels, creams and ointments meant for erasing stubborn stretch marks. However, very few of these solutions actually work. Instead of these, it is better that you follow some natural methodologies for dealing with stretch marks. It is better to work on ways so that these ugly marks don’t appear at all.

Adapin Antidepressant : Doxepin

Doxepin

Brand Name: Doxepin

DOXEPIN (Sinequan®) belongs to a group of medicines called tricyclic antidepressants. Doxepin can lift your spirits and relieve your depression. Generic doxepin capsules are available.Doxepin is in a class of drugs called tricyclic antidepressants. Doxepin affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause depression. Doxepin hydrochloride is one of a class of psychotherapeutic agents known as dibenzoxepin tricyclic compounds.

Uses of Adapin

  • Doxepin ( Adapin, Sinequan, Zonalon ) is an antidepressants, used in the treatment of many types of depression: refractory depression, major depression, mixed depression anxiety,neurotic depression, spontaneous endogenous depression.
  • Doxepin ( Adapin, Sinequan, Zonalon ) can also be used for the treatment of anxiety, chronic skin disorders, itching,panic disorders, peptic ulcer disease, postprandial hypoglycemia, posttraumatic stress disorder ( PTSD ), sleep disorders, or to stop the cravings of smoking, swelling, and to decrease nightly urination.
  • Doxepin ( Adapin, Sinequan, Zonalon ) has been used to combat chronic pain in, arthritis, diabetic disease, herpes lesions, migraines, pain in cancer patients, tension headaches, or tic douloureux.

How to Take Adapin

  • Take doxepin exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.
  • Take each dose with a full glass (8 oz) of water.
  • Doxepin may be taken several times a day or in one daily dose (usually at bedtime). Follow your doctor’s instructions.
  • It may be several weeks before you start to feel better, but do not stop taking doxepin without first talking to your doctor.

What are the Side Effects of Adapin Medication

This medicine can cause many side effects. The most common are:

  • dizziness
  • headache
  • dry mouth
  • constipation
  • nausea
  • nervousness
  • weight gain.

Warnings and precautions before taking Adapin Medication

  • Tricyclic antidepressants may also give rise to paralytic ileus, particularly in the elderly and in hospitalized patients. Therefore, appropriate measures should be taken if constipation occurs.
  • When doxepin is given concomitantly with anticholinergic or sympathomimetic drugs, close supervision and careful adjustment of dosages are required.
  • Doxepin should be discontinued prior to elective surgery for as long as the clinical situation will allow.
  • Doxepin should be used with caution in patients with impaired liver function or with a history of hepatic damage or blood dyscrasias. Periodic blood counts and liver function tests should be performed when patients receive doxepin in large doses or over prolonged periods.
  • This medicine should NOT be used by those having take MAO inhibitors in the last two weeks, by those with narrow angle glaucoma, or by those with cardiac rhythm problems.
  • It should NOT be abruptly discontinued.
  • Elderly patients generally should avoid this medicine, if possible, due to the increased chance of dizziness and falls.
  • This medicine may cause dizziness or drowsiness. Alcoholic beverages can increase the side effects of this medicine and should be avoided.

What drugs may interact with Adapin Tablet

  • Possible drug interactions may occur with phenobarbital causing a decrease in the effect of the medications. Severe blood pressure problems and seizure can occur with taken with MAO inhibitors.
  • Talk with your physician or pharmacist if you are taking other medications.Talk with your physician or pharmacist if you are taking other medications.

What to do if you take Overdose of Adapin ?

Symptoms of an doxepin overdose include:

  • seizures
  • confusion
  • drowsiness
  • agitation
  • hallucinations and low blood pressure (dizziness, fatigue, fainting).

How to Store Adapin ?

Store doxepin at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. Talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.

References

What You Need To Know About Wart Removal Through Electrocautery

Wart Removal Through Electrocautery

Among the numerous skin ailments that recur and prove to be pestering even while there is less risk of long term harm to health, warts get a special mention. They are the outcome of HPV infection and affect skin areas like legs and neck. The ugly bumps on skin caused by the virus can also be painful and causes uneasiness and mars appearance of the victims. Warts can be treated in many ways but not all methods are effective on treating all variants, as it is.

Why use Electrocautery?

If not treated in the right way, the risk of recurrence of warts remains high. For removing certain types of warts and especially genital warts the OTC medications may not be very useful. To help the victims get rid of such warts effectively, doctors recommend using electrocautery for wart.

In this process, warts are eliminated from skin surface by using heat from electricity. A needle is made hot by application of electricity and the wart is removed by its application on affected skin part. The same process can be used to eliminate other skin growths too. In the process, you do not face risk of getting electrocuted as such. Low voltage electric probe is used in the treatment.

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What else you need to know

In most cases, the warts are eliminated after application of Electrocautery. There can be a wound after it is applied but healing is fast in most cases. However, larger warts may require longer healing time. The wound usually does not need much medication application to heal.

While the efficacy of removing wart through this process is high, you must remember this is not a permanent solution for wart elimination. Even after removal of warts through Electrocautery- chances of recurrence later cannot be ruled out. This process is usually not used for application on facial skin.

Dissociative Amnesia

Dissociative Amnesia

The essential feature of dissociative amnesia is a sudden inability to recall important personal information that can’t be explained by ordinary forgetfulness. The patient typically can’t recall all events that occurred during a specific period, but other types of recall disturbance also are possible.

This disorder commonly occurs during war and natural disasters. Although it’s more common in adolescents and young women, it also is seen in young men after combat experience. The amnesic event typically ends abruptly, and recovery is complete, with rare recurrences.

Causes

Dissociative amnesia follows severe psychosocial stress, often involving a threat of physical injury or death. Amnesia also may occur after thinking about or engaging in unacceptable behavior such as an extramarital affair.

Symptoms

The most common symptom of dissociative amnesia is memory loss. Shortly after becoming amnesic, a person may seem confused. Many people with dissociative amnesia are somewhat depressed or very distressed by their amnesia.

Diagnosis

The doctor carefully reviews the person’s signs and symptoms, and performs a physical examination to exclude physical causes of amnesia. Tests, including electroencephalography and blood testing for toxins and drugs, are sometimes needed to exclude physical causes. A psychologic examination is also performed. Special psychologic tests often help the doctor better characterize and understand the person’s dissociative experiences to develop a treatment plan.

Treatment

Psychotherapy aims to help the patient recognize the traumatic event that triggered the amnesia and the anxiety it produced. A trusting therapeutic relationship is essential to achieving this goal. The therapist subsequently attempts to teach the patient reality based coping strategies.

Prevention

Strategies for the prevention of child abuse might lower the incidence of dissociative amnesia in the general population. There are no effective preventive strategies for dissociative amnesia caused by traumatic experiences in adult life in patients without a history of childhood abuse.

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References

Depersonalization Disorder

Depersonalization Disorder

Persistent or recurrent episodes of detachment characterize depersonalization disorder. During these episodes, self-awareness is temporarily altered or lost; the patient often perceives this alteration in consciousness as a barrier between himself and the outside world. The sense of depersonalization may be restricted to a single body part such as a limb, or it may encompass the whole self.

Although the patient seldom loses touch with reality completely, the episodes of depersonalization may cause him severe distress.

Depersonalization disorder usually has a sudden onset in adolescence or early in adult life. It follows a chronic course, with periodic exacerbations and remissions, and resolves gradually.

Causes

Depersonalization disorder typically stems from severe stress, including war experiences, accidents, and natural disasters.

Symptoms

The primary symptom of depersonalization disorder is a distorted perception of the body. The person might feel like he or she is a robot or in a dream. Some people might fear they are going crazy and might become depressed, anxious, or panicky. For some people, the symptoms are mild and last for just a short time. For others, however, symptoms can be chronic (ongoing) and last or recur for many years, leading to problems with daily functioning or even to disability.

Treatment

Psychotherapy aims to establish a trusting therapeutic relationship in which the patient can come to recognize the traumatic event and the anxiety it evoked. The therapist subsequently teaches the patient to use reality-based coping strategies rather than to detach himself from the situation. A person in treatment for a dissociative disorder might benefit from antidepressants or anti-anxiety medication.

Prevention

Some clinicians think that depersonalization disorder has an undetected onset in childhood, even though most patients first appear for treatment as adolescents or young adults. Preventive strategies could include the development of screening techniques for identifying children at risk, as well as further research into the effects of emotional abuse on children. It is also hopeful that further neurobiological research will lead to the development of medications or other treatment modalities for preventing, as well as treating, depersonalization.

References

What Celebrities have Used Phenq

The new hottest trend in weight loss is formulated from capsicum and it is called Phenq. Phenq makes bold claims with slogans like “slim while you sit” and “lose weight at your desk”. This weight loss supplement has snagged headlines across the nation claiming that you can lose weight simply from consuming red chili peppers without having to diet or exercise!

Personal trainers across the country are raving about the product. Even “A listers” like Brad Pitt, Angelina Jolie, Britney Spears, and Jennifer Lopez have been known to use and support this method of weight loss. We have all heard the stories about Beyonce Knowles engaging in a diet that consists of maple syrup and cayenne pepper. These stars are raving about the weight loss properties of the stuff with no bad side effects. Surely if it is good enough for the stars to use it, it must be effective.

PhenQ Promo

You can’t find Phenq at stores since it is only available to purchase from the manufacturer direct online. So don’t look for it at your local phenq uk stockists. It was developed in the UK but it is being sold now around the world. One Phenq bottle contains a 30-day supply. All you have to do is take one capsule per day with a glass of water. For the best results possible you should take Phenq 30 to 60 minutes before exercising. If you don’t want to exercise you can still reap the benefits. No dieting is necessary either.

Taking one capsule will burn 278 calories whether you are working out or not. You can also eat whatever you like. This is the same amount of calories burned during a 25-minute jog or walking briskly for 80 minutes. That is correct. You burn those same calories without lifting a finger other than to take your daily dose.

The primary ingredient in Phenq, capsicum, is responsible for these amazing figures. Capsicum is an extract that speeds up your metabolism. This increased metabolism burns more calories and fat stored in your body. It would not normally be possible for you to ingest the amount of capsicum needed to see these types of results. The reason is that it would irate the mouth and throat and might even result in gastric problems. However Phenq utilizes a special coating that protects your mouth, throat, and digestive system. The coating is formulated so that the capsule is digested in the intestine where the acids nullify the painful effects of capsicum. There are none of the negative side effects from ingesting the capsicum in this form that you would normally experience. In fact there are no known negative side effects that have been associated with the consumption of Phenq. This miracle coating is top secret and it is one of the things that set Phenq apart from the rest along with the fact that it is 100% natural. So give it a try. It is safe and fast acting. The stars sure believe in it.

Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia Nervosa

The key feature of anorexia nervosa is self-imposed starvation resulting from a distorted body image and an intense and irrational fear of gaining weight, even when obviously emaciated. An anorexic patient is preoccupied with her body size, describes herself as “fat,” and commonly expresses dissatisfaction with a particular aspect of her physical appearance. Although the term anorexia suggests that the patient’s weight loss is associated with a loss of appetite, this is rare.

Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa can occur simultaneously. In anorexia nervosa, the refusal to eat may be accompanied by compulsive exercising, self­induced vomiting, or abuse of laxatives or diuretics.

Anorexia occurs in 5% to 10% of the population; more than 90% of those affected are females. It occurs primarily in adolescents and young adults but also may affect older women and, occasionally, males.

Causes

The cause of anorexia nervosa is unknown. Researchers in neuroendocrinology are seeking a physiologic cause but have found nothing definite. Clearly, social attitudes that equate slimness with beauty play some role in provoking this disorder; family factors also are implicated. Most theorists believe that refusing to eat is a subconscious effort to exert personal control over life or to protect oneself from dealing with issues surrounding sexuality.

Signs and symptoms

One important sign that someone may be suffering from anorexia nervosa is grossly distorted body image, meaning that the person feels they are overweight and, in fact, appear thin. Other symptoms may include unnatural fear of weight gain, compulsive exercising, self-starvation, loss of energy, and, in girls who have started menstruating, amenorrhea, or absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles. Those with anorexia nervosa may begin to appear emaciated.

Over time, the disorder may cause serious health problems including sudden death, congestive heart failure, dental problems, growth retardation, stomach rupture, swelling of the salivary glands, anemia, abnormalities of the blood, loss of kidney function and osteoporosis.

Treatment

Appropriate treatment aims to promote weight gain or control the patient’s compulsive binge eating and purging and to correct malnutrition and the underlying psychological dysfunction. Hospitalization in a medical or psychiatric unit may be required to improve the patient’s precarious physical state. Hospitalization may be as brief as 2 weeks or may stretch from a few months to 2 years or longer.

A team approach to care – combining aggressive medical management, nutritional counseling, and individual. group, or family psychotherapy or behavior modification therapy – is the best approach. Treatment is difficult, and results may be discouraging. Many clinical centers are now developing inpatient and outpatient programs specifically for managing eating disorders.

Treatment may include behavior modification (privileges depend on weight gain); curtailed activity for physical reasons (such as arrhythmias); vitamin and mineral supplements; a reasonable diet, with or without liquid supplements; subclavian, peripheral, or enteral hyperalimentation (enteral and peripheral routes carry less risk of infection); and group, family, or individual psychotherapy.

Supportive care by health care providers, structured behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, and anti-depressant drug therapy are some of the methods that are used for treatment. Severe and life-threatening malnutrition may require intravenous feeding.

Prevention

Preventive measures to reduce the incidence of anorexia are not known at this time. However, early detection and intervention can reduce the severity of symptoms, enhance the child’s normal growth and development, and improve the quality of life experienced by children or adolescents with anorexia nervosa. Encouraging healthy eating habits and realistic attitudes toward weight and diet may also be helpful.

References

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anorexia_nervosa
  2. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/anorexia/

Delusional Disorders

Delusional Disorders

According to the DSM-IV. delusional disorders are characterized by false beliefs with a plausible basis in reality. Formerly referred to as paranoid disorders, delusional disorders are known to involve erotomanic, grandiose, jealous, or somatic themes as well as persecutory delusions. Some patients experience several types of delusions; other patients experience unspecified delusions that have no dominant theme.

Delusional disorders commonly begin in middle or late adulthood, usually between ages 40 and 55, but they can occur at a younger age. These uncommon illnesses affect less than 1 % of the population; the incidence is about equal in men and women. Typically chronic, these disorders often interfere with social and marital relationships but seldom impair intellectual or occupational functioning significantly.

Causes

Delusional disorders of later life strongly suggest a hereditary predisposition. At least one study has linked the development of delusional disorders to inferiority feelings in the family. Some researchers suggest that delusional disorders are the product of specific early childhood experiences with an authoritarian family structure. Others hold that anyone with a sensitive personality is particularly vulnerable to developing a delusional disorder.

Certain medical conditions are known to exaggerate the risks of delusional disorders: head injury, chronic alcoholism, deafness, and aging. Predisposing factors linked to aging include isolation, lack of stimulating interpersonal relationships, physical illness, and diminished hearing and vision. In addition, severe stress (such as a move to a foreign country) may precipitate a delusional disorder.

Symptoms

The presence of non-bizarre delusions is the most obvious symptom of this disorder. Other symptoms that might appear include:

  • An irritable, angry, or low mood
  • Hallucinations (seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not really there) that are related to the delusion (For example, a person who believes he or she has an odor problem may smell a bad odor.)

Diagnosis

Patients with delusional symptoms should undergo a thorough physical examination and patient history to rule out possible organic causes (such as dementia). If a psychological cause is suspected, a mental health professional will typically conduct an interview with the patient and administer one of several clinical inventories, or tests, to evaluate mental status

Treatment

Effective treatment of delusional disorders, consisting of a combination of drug therapy and psychotherapy, must correct the behavior and mood disturbances that result from the patient’s mistaken belief system. Treatment also may include mobilizing a support system for the isolated, aged patient.

Drug treatment with antipsychotic agents is similar to that used in schizophrenic disorders. Antipsychotics appear to work by blocking postsynaptic dopamine receptors. These drugs reduce the incidence of psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions, and relieve anxiety and agitation. Other psychiatric drugs, such as antidepressants and anxiolytics, may be prescribed to control associated symptoms.

High-potency antipsychotics include fluphenazine, haloperidol, thiothixene, and trifluoperazine. Loxapine succinate, molindone, and perphenazine are intermediate in potency, and chlorpromazine and thioridazine are low-potency agents. Haloperidol decanoate, fluphenazine decanoate, and fluphenazine enanthate are depot formulations that are implanted I.M. and release the drug gradually over a 30-day period, improving compliance.

Clozapine, which differs chemically from other antipsychotic drugs, may be prescribed for severely ill patients who fail to respond to standard neuroleptic treatment. This agent effectively controls a wider range of psychotic symptoms without the usual adverse effects.

However, clozapine can cause drowsiness, sedation, excessive salivation, tachycardia, dizziness, and seizures, as well as agranulocytosis, a potentially fatal blood disorder characterized by a low white blood cell count and pronounced neutropenia. Routine blood monitoring is essential to detect the estimated 1 % to 2% of all patients taking clozapine who develop agranulocytosis. If caught in the early stages, the disorder is reversible.

Prevention

Effective means of prevention have not been identified.

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4874764/
  2. https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/delusional-disorder

Conversion Disorder

Conversion Disorder

Previously called hysterical neurosis, conversion type, a conversion disorder allows a patient to resolve a psychological conflict through the loss of a specific physical function, for example, by paralysis, blindness, or the inability to swallow. Unlike factitious disorders or malingering, the patient’s loss of physical function is involuntary. However, laboratory tests and diagnostic procedures don’t disclose an organic cause.

Conversion disorder can occur in either sex at any age. An uncommon disorder, it usually begins in adolescence or early adulthood. The conversion symptom itself isn’t life-threatening and usually has a short duration.

Causes

The patient suddenly develops the conversion symptom soon after experiencing a traumatic conflict that he believes he can’t handle. Two theories explain why this occurs. According to the first, the patient achieves a “primary gap,” when the symptom keeps a psychological conflict out of conscious awareness. For example, a person may experience blindness after witnessing a violent crime.

The second theory suggests that the patient achieves secondary gain from the symptom by avoiding a traumatic activity. For example, a soldier may develop a “paralyzed” hand that prevents him from entering into combat.

Signs and symptoms

Common signs of a conversion disorder include:

  • Sudden onset of physical symptoms
  • Recent history of a stressful experience
  • Inappropriate lack of concern over the physical symptoms

The symptoms of conversion disorder involve the loss of one or more bodily functions. These may include blindness, paralysis or the inability to speak. The loss of physical function is involuntary and diagnostic testing does not show a physical cause for the dysfunction.

Treatment

Psychotherapy, family therapy, relaxation therapy, behavior therapy, or hypnosis may be used alone or in combination (two or more) to treat conversion disorder.

References

  1. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000954.htm
  2. https://www.msdmanuals.com/professional/psychiatric-disorders/somatic-symptom-and-related-disorders/conversion-disorder